What Do Dermatologists Do?

People visit dermatologists if their skin, hair, and nails don’t look healthy or have warning signs of a more significant medical condition. For example, a rash called acanthosis nigricans is often an early warning sign of prediabetes.


If your pimples don’t go away after using over-the-counter treatments, a dermatologist can help you find a treatment regimen that will work. They can also treat cosmetic concerns like fine lines and wrinkles. To learn more, visit https://www.montgomerydermatologists.com/.

A dermatologist is a physician who specializes in treating skin conditions and diseases. They are also trained in cosmetic procedures to help patients look their best as they age. Skin conditions can range from minor rashes, like hives, to chronic skin diseases, such as psoriasis or eczema. Dermatologists are skilled in distinguishing between conditions that share similar symptoms and can treat them with medication or surgical techniques.

Dermatologists are also experts in identifying and treating the many forms of skin cancer. The most common are basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, which can easily be treated when caught early. More serious is melanoma, which can be deadly if not caught and treated quickly. Skin cancers can be treated with surgery, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy.

Like other doctors, dermatologists have a medical education and go through a residency to become board-certified in their field. After graduation, they often find work in a private practice or group with other dermatologists and may choose to specialize in one of the four branches of skin care: cosmetic, medical, pediatric, and surgical.

The aging population and the increased awareness of skin cancer has made dermatology an important part of overall healthcare. The demand for doctors in this specialty is expected to continue growing.

Dermatologists can treat a wide array of skin, hair and nail conditions. These include itchy rashes, warts, skin and nail cancers, hair loss, and other conditions that impact an individual’s quality of life, including sleep, self-image, and productivity. These conditions can also be a sign of an internal disease, such as diabetes or heart disease, so dermatologists are frequently the first to notice these signs.

When you visit a dermatologist, they will take a full history of your condition and any related symptoms. They will then perform a full body examination, which is why it’s important to wear loose clothing that can be easily moved. They may also ask you to remove your makeup, nail polish, or other accessories that might interfere with their examination. They may even use a special tool to examine your moles and other growths.

Dermatologists diagnose and treat skin conditions

Dermatologists are trained to diagnose and treat conditions of the skin, hair, and nails. These conditions can range from minor irritations to life-threatening diseases and cancers. Dermatologists can identify and treat these conditions using medication or surgical procedures. In addition, they can offer cosmetic treatment for conditions like fine lines and wrinkles, thinning or balding hair, scarring, and other aesthetic concerns.

To properly diagnose a condition, dermatologists must review your medical history and perform a physical examination. They may also use a tool called a dermatoscope, which can magnify the skin and help detect suspicious moles or other lesions. It is important to make an appointment with a dermatologist when you notice changes in your skin, hair, or nails because these symptoms can be warning signs of a serious underlying disease.

A dermatologist will often ask you about your family history of skin problems and previous surgeries or treatments you have received. They will also want to know about any current medications you are taking, including prescriptions, over-the-counter, or supplements and vitamins. The information you provide will help the dermatologist determine a treatment plan that is best for you.

The most common conditions that dermatologists treat are rashes, infections, and autoimmune disorders, such as psoriasis and eczema. Infections may be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. The dermatologist will prescribe the appropriate antibiotics and monitor your recovery.

If you are experiencing thinning or balding hair, a dermatologist can help identify the cause of your problem and recommend treatments such as hormone replacement therapy or minoxidil to help stimulate hair growth. They can also address nail problems, such as discoloration and separation of the nail bed.

In addition to treating a wide variety of conditions, dermatologists can also perform cosmetic procedures, such as chemical peels, dermal fillers, and laser hair removal. These procedures can improve the appearance of your skin, hair, and nails to enhance your self-confidence. If you are considering getting a cosmetic procedure, be sure to make an appointment with a board-certified dermatologist. This will ensure that you receive the highest quality care.

Dermatologists perform cosmetic procedures

Dermatologists perform cosmetic procedures to help patients look younger and feel more confident. These procedures include chemical peels, microdermabrasion, laser therapy, and dermal fillers. During a dermatology appointment, the doctor will assess your skin and recommend treatments that best suit your needs.

The skin is our largest organ and protects us from heat, cold, germs, and dangerous substances. It is also a good indicator of our overall health. For example, if you have a mole that starts growing or changing in appearance, it can be an early warning sign of cancer. Those with sagging, wrinkled skin might benefit from dermal fillers or Botox. Other skin conditions that a dermatologist might address include psoriasis, eczema, and rosacea.

A dermatologist may also perform surgery in some cases. Surgical procedures such as Mohs surgery involve removing thin layers of skin and examining them under a microscope to determine if they contain cancerous cells. They might also use surgical excision to remove growths like warts, cysts, and skin tags. They might also perform cryosurgery, which uses extreme cold to freeze and destroy tissue.

If you are thinking about getting a cosmetic procedure, ask the dermatologist how long they have been in practice and how many cosmetic treatments they’ve performed. The more experience they have, the better their skills are. It’s also a good idea to find out if they are board certified, which means they have passed a rigorous exam to receive their professional certification.

Some cosmetic dermatology procedures are noninvasive and do not require any recovery time. Other procedures, like chemical peels and microdermabrasion, use a chemical solution to smooth out fine lines and wrinkles or fade freckles. Laser therapy uses powerful light beams to correct skin flaws by causing controlled injury to the skin. It can reduce hyperpigmentation and scarring and improve the appearance of sun damaged, aging skin. It can even be used to get rid of tattoos and unwanted hair.

Other procedures might include photodynamic therapy and mesotherapy. In photodynamic therapy, the doctor applies a photosensitizing agent like aminolevulinic acid to the skin before exposing it to blue light. The treatment reduces brown spots and other signs of aging, and it’s also an effective way to treat precancerous skin lesions. Mesotherapy involves injecting complexion-enhancing compounds like hyaluronic acid or growth factors into the skin.

Dermatologists perform surgical procedures

Dermatologists use a wide variety of surgical procedures to treat the skin. Surgical procedures include biopsy, excision, Mohs surgery, laser therapy and cryotherapy. They also perform cosmetic procedures like liposuction, laser resurfacing and microdermabrasion.

During your initial visit, a dermatologist will ask you questions about your symptoms and medical history. Then they’ll examine your entire body, from head to toe. They may also request blood work, allergy testing or a skin scraping. If they discover anything unusual, they’ll order a biopsy to determine whether it’s a normal or abnormal tissue.

Once the results of your biopsy are back, your dermatologist will schedule a follow-up appointment. During this appointment, they will examine the wound to ensure it’s healing properly and that no further skin cancer has spread. If the melanoma was particularly aggressive, they might recommend a skin graft to repair the area.

Then, they’ll prescribe any medications you need to take. They may also recommend additional treatments like phototherapy or creams. Often, a dermatologist will advise you to avoid certain foods or environmental factors that can trigger your condition.

As specialists in skin diseases, your dermatologist can recognize symptoms that appear on the skin and may indicate other conditions like organ disease or failure. So, it’s important that you tell them about all of the medications, vitamins and supplements you take.

Dermatologists are also trained to diagnose and treat conditions that affect hair, nails and internal organs. Because they are experts in the skin, most primary care doctors refer their patients to them for specialized treatment.

Dermatologists are required to continue their education to maintain their licensure. To do so, they participate in seminars and courses, read current literature and talk to colleagues. In addition, they must undergo yearly clinical audits and practice visits. In some countries, they may be required to complete Continuing Professional Development (CPD) activities. These activities are intended to improve patient care, keep them abreast of the latest developments in their field and meet legal requirements. A dermatologist can earn CPD credits by completing online learning programs or attending workshops, seminars and conferences sponsored by their professional associations.